Causes, Cures, and Prevention for Oak Wilt Disease

Noblesville Tree Service 317-537-9770

Noblesville Tree Service 317-537-9770

Oak trees are susceptible to many tree diseases, but one of the most common infections they may encounter in the Eastern and Central regions of the United States is called Oak Wilt. Oak Wilt is a fungal infection caused by the fungus, Ceratocystis fagacearum.

All species of Oak can become infected with this disease, however, it is more common in Red Oak subgenus species, such as Black, Red, Scarlet, Hills, and Pin. This is in contrast to White Oak subgenus species, including White, Swamp White, Bur, English, and Chinquapin.

Red Oak species can die or decline rapidly after coming down with Oak Wilt, usually within weeks or months, while White Oak species generally experience a slower decline. But not all infected trees die; some species of White Oak have been known to spring back after one year or so.

Causes and Symptoms

Oak wilt is mostly spread through transmission of root graphs. Sometimes, when trees are within 50 feet of one another, their underground root systems will actually fuse together and share the same vascular system. This network of tree roots allows the Oak Wilt fungus to transmit freely among trees. This is why it is common to see an entire string of infected trees. Oak Wilt can also be spread through beetles carrying fungal spores from tree to tree.

The fungus, Ceratocystis fagacearum, invades the Xylem (tissues or vessels that conduct water dispersal in trees), which prompts a tree to essentially clog its own water distribution system. This, of course, inhibits the normal rate of water flow from the roots to the canopy of the tree, resulting in a wide range of symptoms and after-effects. The most distinguishable effect is wilting leaves and foliage, hence the name “Oak Wilt.”

Common Symptoms in Red Oaks

Oak Wilt in Red Oak subgenus species usually begins at the tree’s canopy, and simultaneously works its way downward and inward throughout the tree. This is made evident by leaf discoloration (grayish-green or brown tips), complete defoliation, weakened bark, fungal mats and patches, fruity odor, sticky sap-like fluid production, insect infestation (namely picnic beetles and bark beetles), and more.

Common Symptoms in White Oaks

Common symptoms of Oak Wilt in White Oaks are nearly the same as the symptoms seen in Red Oak subgenus species. The only difference is the time-frame in which the symptoms appear and last. White Oaks experience symptoms slower, usually between 1 and 6 years, and also more localized on the tree, such as its branches. And they do not lose all their leaves.

Cures and Control

There is still no way to really cure an infected Oak Tree. Some have found that fertilizer tree injections directly into the root system can be an effective form of treatment. But often times, tree removal is the best option. Prevention is the most effective way to prevent your Oak Trees from becoming infected with Oak Wilt and other diseases. Professional, routine tree care is a viral part of protecting your landscaping trees, as well as, proper pruning, mulching, watering, and fertilizing. Talk to your local tree service specialist for professional advice regarding proper tree care.

Noblesville Tree Service

Tree Service Noblesville 317-537-9770

Tree Service Noblesville 317-537-9770

Call 317-537-9770 for professional tree service in Noblesville, Indiana. We are experienced tree care contractors that offer a wide range of residential and commercial tree services at the most competitive prices in town. We even offer tree service coupons and discounts! Call 317-537-9770 to request a free estimate for Noblesville tree service, today.

Tips for Preventing Tree Problems

We don’t generally give our landscaping trees any attention until they start to give us problems. Trees are important to our properties because they increase property value, appeal, and energy efficiency, as well as, provide outdoor comfort, convenience, and functionality. For this reason, it is important to take care of your landscaping trees in order to prevent problems, hazards, and more. Continue reading to learn how you can prevent tree problems on your property, and what to do if you believe your trees are suffering from pests, disease, or malnutrition.

Routine Tree Care

The only proper tree care is routine tree care. Landscaping trees must be tended to on a regular basis to prevent a wide range of potential tree complications, including insects, nuisance wildlife, tree diseases, blights, undernourishment, and much more. Fortunately, routine tree care is easy to do so long as you choose the proper tree service company in your area. However, there are several things you can do on your own for your trees too. Let’s start with do-it-yourself tree care tips!

DIY Tree Care

One of the most important and effective favors you can do for your landscaping trees is to mulch them every year. Mulch provides several benefits for trees, so be sure to check out our blog about mulching tips for tree care to learn what mulch can do for your trees. Another important part of do-it-yourself tree care is routine watering.

Mature trees generally do not require watering other than the natural rain course. However, if your landscaping trees are young or newly-planted, it is important to follow a strict watering schedule to keep them hydrated. Talk to your tree service technician to learn the proper watering schedule for your newly-planted or young trees.

Not all parts of do-it-yourself tree care include “doing” something. Sometimes, in order to take good care of your trees, you must NOT do certain things. Preventative tree cares just as important as routine tree care, such as protecting tree bark from excess moisture or damage and paying close attention when using a lawnmower or weed whacker near tree roots.

Professional Tree Care

Choose a tree service company that has experienced field. Hands-on experience is what separates reliable tree care technicians from and reliable ones. Of course, you want to also look for licensing and customer reviews to gain a better understanding of their work ethic and credentials. Professional tree specialists retain the proper equipment to provide routine tree care such as tree trimming, pruning, stump grinding, fertilizing, and more. Ask your tree specialist to customize a plan that is unique to your landscaping tree needs.

Noblesville Tree Service

Tree Service Noblesville 317-537-9770

Noblesville Tree Service 317-537-9770

Call 317-537-9770 to request a free estimate for Noblesville tree service, today. We are highly trained and experienced tree care technicians that offer a wide range of commercial and residential tree services at the most affordable prices in town. In fact, we offer tree service coupons and discounts too! Call 317-537-9770 when you need professional tree service in Noblesville, Indiana you can trust.