Why is My Tree Growing Spikes?

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Epicormic Sprouts on an Oak Tree

If you have noticed large, emergent spikes shooting out from the trunk of your tree, there is no need to be alarmed. It is likely a common occurrence known as epicormic sprouting. Although your tree looks like it is growing its own weaponry, you can rest assure that this tree phenomenon is not dangerous. However, it is an indication that your tree need a little attention.

Continue reading to learn more about epicormic shoots, and what you need to do if your tree is growing them.

Epicormic Sprouting

Epicormic sprouting, or shooting, starts with epicormic buds that are embedded underneath a tree’s outer bark. These buds, also known as “suckers” or “water sprouts”, develop when a tree experiences some sort of bark damage. Damaged tree bark that suddenly gets a lot of sun exposure may be more susceptible to epicormic bud growth.

What It Means

Epicormic bud growth is a sign of a distressed tree. Trees can become distressed for several reasons. Often times, trees that have been damaged in storms or land development fall victim to epicormic sprouting. Improper pruning and risky aesthetic tree care practices (i.e. lion-tailing) can also cause epicormic bud development because trees can naturally attempt to make up for the lost foliage.


The problem with epicormic shooting is that cutting it off will only make more grow in its place. To treat a tree with an epicormic bud problem, you will need to hire a licensed Noblesville tree service company for professional advice and service. They are familiar with the proper pruning practices that prevent epicormic regrowth. To prevent epicormic sprouting in unaffected trees, be sure to provide the proper tree care they need to thrive, including watering, pruning, fertilizing, mulching, and more.

Who to Call For Noblesville Tree Service

Noblesville Tree Service 317-537-9770

Noblesville Tree Service 317-537-9770

Call 317-537-9770 when you need professional tree service in Noblesville, Indiana. We are highly trained and experienced tree care technicians that offer a wide range of residential and commercial tree services at the most competitive prices in town. Whether you need routine tree service or major tree work, we are the professionals to trust for outstanding results in a convenient time frame.

Can Heavy Wind Uproot a Large Tree?

Trees are very important assets that provide a long list of advantages for homeowners. So when you wake up after a heavy storm to find your favorite old tree laying on its side, it can be quite devastating. When this happens, the root damage is usually too extensive to save the tree. You may be asking yourself how wind alone can yank a tree right out from the ground. The answer is windthrow.

Continue reading to learn how strong wind must be in order to uproot a large tree, and what you should do if it ever happens on your property.

Noblesville Tree Removal 317-537-9770

Noblesville Tree Removal 317-537-9770

Tree Uprooting

When a tree is pulled out from the ground by heavy gusts of wind, it is referred to as windthrow. And it happens to be the number one cause of uprooted trees. To gauge an idea of just how strong wind must be in order to accomplish such a feat, take note that tornadoes and hurricanes often produce winds reaching 75 mph or more.

For wind to actually pull a tree out from the ground, wind speeds must meet or exceed these speeds. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), softwood trees will uproot in winds between 73 and 112 mph. On the Enhanced F Scale, this is equivalent to an F-0 or F-1 storm. F-3 category storms and higher are more likely to snap a tree in half, rather than pull it out of the ground from its roots.

Factors That Influence Windthrow

Although these are the speeds at which wind can uproot a tree, there are other factors that can influence windthrow. Soil conditions can make a tree more susceptible to windthrow, allowing it to be pulled out of the ground at much lower wind speeds. Sandy soils, soft soils, and waterlogged soils fit this description. Winds as little as 7 to 30 mph can potentially uproot a tree in sandy or waterlogged soil.

Similarly, distressed or poor quality root systems can also render a tree more susceptible to windthrow. Tree species can also have an effect. Tree with heavier crowns, such as conifers, are easier uprooted than “windfirm” (wind-resistant) trees like California Black Oaks. Another factor at play is topography. Certain locations will make a tree more vulnerable to being uprooted, like cliffs, peaks, flatlands, or summits.

Got an Uprooted Tree?

Tree Service Noblesville 317-537-9770

Noblesville Tree Service 317-537-9770

Call 317-537-9770 for professional tree removal in Noblesville, Indiana. We are experienced tree care contractors that offer a wide range of residential and commercial tree services at the most competitive prices in town. We even offer tree service coupons and discounts! Request a free estimate or advice, today.